Chamomile oil is derived from the chamomile plant. In fact, chamomile is actually related to daisies. Chamomile oil is made from the flowers of the plant.
There are two different varieties of chamomile you may come across:
- Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile or Anthemis nobilis)
- German chamomile (Matricaria recutita or Chamomilla recutita)
The two plants are slightly different in appearance. In addition, the chemical composition of their active ingredients differs slightly. Research has been done on both strains. The active ingredient most researched is chamazulene, and it’s higher in German chamomile.
The use of chamomile has been described in medical texts from ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Over the centuries, it’s been used for:
- digestive upset, such as indigestion, nausea, or gas
- wound healing, including ulcers and sores
- anxiety relief
- easing skin conditions like eczema or rashes
- anti-inflammation and pain relief for conditions like back pain, neuralgia, or arthritis
- promoting sleep